Trips Agreement Article 31

Since the entry into force of TRIPS, bilateral and regional trade agreements have tended to set even higher standards of intellectual property protection, what Peter Drahos calls the ”global ratchet” for IP7 rights. On 6 December 2005, the General Council of the World Trade Organization (WTO) adopted the Protocol Amending the Trade Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) (Article 31a) and opened it up for adoption by Member States. The protocol provided for additional flexibilities for the granting of special compulsory licences for the export of medicines, first established by a 2003 members` decision, known as the Doha Declaration. [Image] | COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES | Brussels, 27.4.2006COM (2006) 175 final. 2006/0060 (AVC)Proposal for a Council Committee adopting the Protocol amending the Protocol amending the Protocol amending the Protocol amending the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), concluded in Geneva on 6 December 2005 On 6 December 2005 on behalf of the European Community, the Protocol amending the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights , concluded in Geneva on 6 December 2005 (`the TRIPS Agreement`). On 6 December 2005, the General Council of the World Trade Organisation (hereinafter referred to as `the WTO`) submitted to WTO Members a proposal to amend the TRIPS Agreement for adoption. This amendment would make permanent a decision to exempt compulsory licences, originally adopted in 2003. . .