The organization, made up of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, has attempted to revive the historic regional integration agreements that have been in place since 1917. This cooperation failed in the 1970s because of large-scale transshipments and the different economic paths of their participants. The Community was established in 1999 by the three original members (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) 84.On 1 July 2010, the Community created a common EAC market that provides for the free movement of goods, workers, services and capital within the region85. Harmonize standards and recognize each other Implementation of a common trade policy; 86 Even self-proclaimed democratic socialists, such as Bernie Sanders, have spoken out against free trade agreements. Hilary Clinton, who lost to Trump in the 2016 poll, has a history of defending inconsistent and ambivalent positions on trade. The emergence of the global coronavirus pandemic and the damage it has caused to the U.S. economy will most likely strengthen the party-wide consensus on U.S. trade policy. AGOA builds on existing U.S. trade programs by expanding services (excluding taxes) that were only available under the country`s Generalized Preference System (GSP). Duty-free access to the U.S.
market under the combined AGOA/GSP program amounts to approximately 6,500 product tariff lines, including tariff lines added by AGOA legislation. These new ”AGOA products” include clothing and footwear, wine, certain automotive components, a variety of agricultural products, chemicals, steel and many others. U.S. and African trade also amounted to $29.4 billion in 2000 and $94.3 billion in 2011, after increasing by 221%. In 2000, trade with Africa accounted for 1.5% of U.S. world trade, and Africa`s share rose to 2.6% in 2011. U.S.-Africa trade peaked at $104.7 billion in 2008. P.L. 105-200, AGOA`s original legislation, included a section that encouraged the search for new trade and investment promotion agreements. However, AgoA specifically directed the President to negotiations for a free trade agreement and called for more concrete measures with regard to possible measures to create such a free trade agreement.